Gohar Ayub Khan
Pakistan Muslim League Quaid-e-Azam (PML Q)
Gohar Ayub Khan (born January 1937) is son of the late Pakistan President Field Marshal Ayub Khan, was born in Rehana, Abbottabad. He studied at Army Burn Hall College, Abbottabad, and Saint Mary's Academy, Rawalpindi Rawalpindi. Later, he graduated from the Royal Military Academy Sandhurst, UK. Thereafter, he joined the Pakistan Army, from which he resigned as a captain in 1962. He began to serve as his fathers ADC during that period travelling with him on several foreign trips.
Early life and military career
Gohar Ayub was sent to studied at the military controlled Army Burn Hall College and forwarded to attend private school, the St. Mary's Academy in Rawalpindi.Gohar Ayub joined the Pakistan Army in 1947, and joined the Royal Military Academy Sandhurst in the United Kingdom. Upon his return, Gohar Ayub began his active duty with the Pakistan Army, starting to work on the staff appointments. In 1958 and beyond, Gohar Ayub had began to serve as his father's aide-de-camp during that period traveling with him on several foreign trips in Europe, Americas, Soviet Union and Asia. Gohar Ayub did not rise beyond the rank of Captain despite his father's support.In his army records, there are allegations of professional and behavioral misconduct of Gohar Ayub during his stay in the army, including withstand allegations of being a routinely alcoholic while at the duty and a man of loose sexual morals.
Gohar Ayub was prematurely given retirement in 1962 by the army promotion branch despite his father's efforts to stop the investigations against his son. After given force retirement, Gohar Ayub, along with his father-in-law general (retired) Habibullah Khan, went on to established a private industrial firm, the Universal Insurance Co. Ltd.
History and Background
His role n Karachi after his fathers election in the allegedly rigged 1964 Presidential elections against Fatima Jinnah is a subject of criticism by many writers. Gohar Ayub it is said led a victory parade right into the heartland of of Opposition territory in Karachi, in a blatantly provocative move and the civil administrations failure to stop the rally led to a fierce clashes between opposing groups with many locals being killed (Mazari 1999). Gohar Ayub also faced criticisms during that time on questions of family corruption and cronyism through his business links with his father in law retired Lt. General Habibullah Khan Khattak. One Western commentator in 1969 estimated Gohar Ayub's personal wealth at the time at $4 million dollars, while his families wealth was put in the range of $10-$20 million dollars (Pick April 1969).
Gohar Ayub has been elected five times to the National Assembly from his home constituency. He was first elected in March 1965 as a Muslim League candidate. In 1977, he contested the National Assembly seat from Peshawar Jail and was elected on Asghar Khans tehrik-e-istiqlal ticket through the aggressive campaigning of his wife. Gohar Ayub Khan has served as senior vice president of the Muslim League and was elected Speaker of the National Assembly after the 1990 general election, remaining in this post until 1993 elections. After re-election in 1993 Gohar Ayub became deputy leader of the opposition in the National Assembly. After the Pakistan Muslim League Nawaz victory in 1997, he was appointed Foreign Minister by Nawaz Sharif. In 1998 Gohar Ayub resigned his position and was reassigned as Federal Minister for Water and Power which he stayed until the ouster of the PML-N government in October 1999. Defecting from the PML-N to join the Military backed PML of Mian Azhar faction in 2001 he was appointed the Secretary General of the party. Unable to contest the 2002 election because of the graduation degree restriction introduced by Pervaiz Musharraf. In his stead his son Omar Ayub Khan contested and won from his Haripur National Assembly seat, while his wife was elected MNA on the reserved women seats.
Business wealth and networth
Gohar Ayub co-established the industrial firm under the business umbrella of Universal Insurance company Limited founded by his father-in-law. Relatively in a short span of time, and Ayub Khan's intensified pro-Western and pro-Capitalism policies, Gohar Ayub emerged as powerful business oligarch. There are no evidence that Gohar Ayub suggesting that Gohar Ayub secured all these positions and express with the consent of his father. One Western commentator in 1969 estimated Gohar Ayub's personal wealth at the time at $4 million dollars, while his families wealth was put in the range of $10–$20 million dollars.
Role in 1965 Presidential Election
Gohar Ayub reportedly played an influential but controversial role in Karachi after his father's election in the allegedly rigged 1965 Presidential elections against Fatima Jinnah is a subject of criticism by many writers.Gohar Ayub it is said to have led a victory parade right into the heartland of opposition territory in Karachi, in a move that led to fierce clashes between opposing groups. Gohar Ayub also faced criticisms during that time on questions of family corruption and cronyism through his business links with his father-in-law retired Lt. General Habibullah Khan Khattak.One Western commentator in 1969 estimated Gohar Ayub's personal wealth at the time at $4 million dollars, while his families wealth was put in the range of $10–$20 million dollars.
Speaker of National Assembly
Gohar Ayub had been long standing member of Pakistan Muslim League and had been elected for five times to the National Assembly from his home constituency. He first successfully contested in in March 1965 presidential election on a Muslim League platform. In 1977, he contested the National Assembly seat from Peshawar Jail and was elected on the ticket of Asghar Khan's Independence Movement party, and defeated the candidate Akhtar Nawaz Khan of Pakistan Peoples Party.
In 1990-93, Gohar Ayub Khan was appointed as senior vice president of the Pakistan Muslim League, and successful won the slot for the office of National Assembly. After successfully contesting on 1990 general elections, Gohar Ayub was appointed as 14th Speaker of the National Assembly of Pakistan on November 4, 1990, remaining until 1993. He was succeeded by Yousaf Raza Gillani (now current Prime minister) after the 1993 general elections. After his reelection in 1993 general elections, Gohar Ayub became deputy leader of the opposition in the National Assembly. After the Pakistan Muslim League Nawaz victory in 1997, he was appointed Foreign Minister by Nawaz Sharif.
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